Dr. Fredericson’s KEY RESEARCH

Michael Fredericson

Michael Fredericson, MD, FACSM

Co-Director, Stanford Center on Longevity
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery/PM&R
Stanford University School of Medicine



  • (May, 2004) Intermittent normobaric hypoxia does not alter performance or erythropoietic markers in highly trained distance runners. Journal of Applied Physiology.
  • (2001) Medical acupuncture for the treatment of non-radicular low back pain: a preliminary investigation of a treatment protocol and outcome measures. Medical Acupuncture.
  • (Dec, 1983) Mediation of skin temperature biofeedback effects in children. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation




  • (Oct, 2021)Impacts of COVID-19 on Mental Health and Training in US Professional Endurance Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • (2021) Tendinopathy: From Basic Science to Clinical Management. Springer Nature Publishers.
  • (Dec, 2020) Assessing diagnostic and severity grading accuracy of ultrasound measurements for carpal tunnel syndrome compared to electrodiagnostics. PM&R.
  • (May, 2020) Digital care for chronic musculoskeletal pain: 10,000 participant longitudinal study cohort study. Journal of Medical Internet Research.
  • (Jul, 2019) Surgical management of functional popliteal entrapment syndrome in athletes. Journal of Vascular Surgery.
  • (Nov, 2017) Integrating musculoskeletal education and patient care at medical student-run free clinics. PM&R Journal.
  • (Nov, 2016) Review of Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and a Proposed Scanning Protocol. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.
  • (Jun, 2016) Comparison of Muscle Onset Activation Sequences between a Golf or Tennis Swing and Common Training Exercises Using Surface Electromyography: A Pilot Study. Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • (Mar, 2016) The Evolution of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Sports Medicine. PM&R.
  • (Feb, 2016) Piriformis Syndrome With Variant Sciatic Nerve Anatomy: A Case Report. PM&R. 
  • (Jun, 2015) Athlete Return-to-Play Decisions in Sports Medicine. AMA Journal of Ethics.
  • (Feb, 2014) Update on evidence-based treatments for plantar fasciopathy. PM&R. 
  • (Oct, 2012) On the Horizon: Defining the Future of Sports Medicine and the Role of the Physiatrist. PM&R.
  • (Jan, 2012) Evaluation of the athlete with buttock pain. Current Sports Medicine Reports.
  • (May, 2012) Neuromuscular prehabilitation to prevent osteoarthritis after a traumatic joint injury. PM&R.
  • (Jun, 2011) Iliotibial band syndrome: soft tissue and biomechanical factors in evaluation and treatment. PM&R.
  • (Mar, 2011) Reliability and accuracy of a video analysis protocol to assess core ability. PM&R.



  • (Oct, 2018) Differences in Knee and Hip Adduction and Hip Muscle Activation in Runners With and Without Iliotibial Band Syndrome. PM&R.
  • (Feb, 2012) Evaluation of the athlete with buttock pain. Current Sports Medicine Reports.
  • (2010) High hamstring tendinopathy: magnetic resonance and ultrasound imaging and therapeutic efficacy of percutaneous corticosteroid injection. American Journal of Roentgenology.
  • (2005) High hamstring tendinitis: biomechanics, etiology, and treatment. Physician and Sports Medicine.
  • (Jul, 2000) Hip abductor weakness in distance runners with iliotibial band syndrome. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.



  • (March, 2021) Topical diclofenac vs placebo for the treatment of chronic Achilles tendinopathy: a randomized controlled clinical trial. PLOS ONE.
  • (Mar, 2017) Genome-wide association screens for Achilles tendon and ACL tears and tendinopathy. Plos One.
  • (Feb, 2014) Plantar Fasciopathy: A Comprehensive Review. PMR Journal.
  • (July, 2003) Differential diagnosis of leg pain in the athlete. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association.



  • (2019) A Narrative Review of Non-pharmacologic Managements for Low Back Pain in Young Athletes. Transylvanian Review.
  • (Jun, 2009) Changes in posterior lumbar disk contour abnormality with flexion-extension movement in subjects with low back pain and degenerative disk disease. PM&R.
  • (Apr, 2008) Effects of a single session of posterior-to-anterior spinal mobilization and press-up exercise on pain response and lumbar spine extension in people with nonspecific low back pain. Physical Therapy.
  • (2005) Core stabilization training for middle- and long-distance runners. IAAF New Studies in Athletics.
  • (Nov, 2002) Sacroiliac joint pain syndrome in active patients: A look behind the pain. Physician and Sports Medicine.



  • (July, 2021) Prevalence of female and male athlete traid risk factors in ultramarathon runners. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • ( July, 2021) The Male Athlete Triad: A Consensus Statement from the Female and Male Athlete Triad Coalition Part II: Diagnosis, Treatment and Return to Play. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • (July, 2021) The Male Athlete Triad: A Consensus Statement from the Female and Male Athlete Triad Coalition Part I: Definition and Scientific Basis. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • (Feb, 2021) Dietary supplement use according to sex and triad risk factors in collegiate endurance runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
  • (April, 2020) Foot strike pattern during running alters muscle-tendon dynamics of the gastrocnemius and soleus. Scientific Reports.
  • (Feb, 2019) Youth Distance Running: Strategies for Training and Injury Reduction. Current Sports Medicine Reports.
  • (Mar, 2015) Running Habits of Competitive Runners During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding. Sports Health.
  • (Feb, 2011) Overuse injuries in high school runners: lifetime prevalence and prevention strategies. PM&R.
  • (2007) Epidemiology and aetiology of marathon running injuries. Sports Medicine.
  • (Aug, 2005) Muscular balance, core stability, and injury prevention for middle- and long-distance runners. PM&R Clinics of North America.


  • (Dec, 2108) Effectiveness of Hydrodilatation in Adhesive Capsulitis of Shoulder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery.
  • (Jun, 2016) Relaxin Receptor RXFP1 and RXFP2 Expression in Ligament, Tendon, and Shoulder Joint Capsule of Rats. Journal of Korean Sports Medicine.
  • (Aug, 2010) New developments in magnetic resonance imaging techniques for shoulder instability in athletes. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine.
  • (Dec, 2009) Adhesive Capsulitis: A New Management Protocol to Improve Passive Range of Motion. PM&R.